Procedure:Improves sagging facial skin, jowls and loose neck skin by removing excess fat, tightening muscles and re-draping skin.
Length:Approximately four hours.
Anesthesia:Usually general anesthesia is used or the patient may elect to have sedation and local anesthesia .
Inpatient/Outpatient:Usually this is an outpatient procedure, although some patients may require a short hospital stay
Possible Side Effects:Temporary bruising, swelling, numbness and tenderness of the skin, as well as a tight feeling and dry skin. For men, permanent need to shave behind ears, where beard-growing skin is repositioned.
Risks:Injury to the nerves that control facial muscles or feeling (which is usually temporary but in rare cases may be permanent), infection, bleeding, poor healing, excessive scarring, asymmetry and a change in the hairline.
Recovery:The patient may return to work after ten to fourteen days. More strenuous activity may be resumed after two weeks or more. Bruising should begin to disappear after seven to ten days. Sun exposure must be limited for several months after surgery. The use of a sun block that provides both UVA and UVB (Utraviolet )protection is recommended.
Results:Most facelifts can be expected to maintain optimum appearance for up to five to ten years.